Like this: Picture 1 – RED BIRD  (There are a lots of ways to teach new vocabulary WHILE staying in the target language. …how to introduce new vocabulary AND stay in the target language. (You can skip this section if you want to get right to it!) 10. After explaining new vocabulary, you can then ask the students to perform the actions. It is almost exactly the approach we recommend for growing your vocabulary in order to learn a foreign language. So, here are 10 great ways to teach English vocabulary, outlined for each of the stages of vocabulary acquisition: Stage 1: Noticing and understanding new words. You'll learn a lot of new and unique vocabulary for describing emotions, objects, and best of all, learning within context. p>The learning of Vocabulary is important part in foreign language learning. an airplane) Have you ever: 1. It represents an open knowledge base. Whether in one's native language or a second language, the acquisition of new vocabulary is an ongoing process. Sep 26, 2020 - Explore World Language Classroom's board "Vocabulary Activities for Foreign Language", followed by 6962 people on Pinterest. I do this with a black marker. Go ahead, flex your vocabulary teaching muscles. 3 Vocabulary in Français interactif From decontextualized lists to contextualized speech samples. I don’t have the skill to introduce the strategy comprehensively. Remember though that the average native speaker uses around only five thousand words in everyday speech. This 3-part series will show you how to learn vocabulary in a foreign language, based on my experience of learning 10,000s words in the eight languages I speak. Language and grammatical concepts are just assimilated and their mouths are so much more malleable to the variety of sounds. In a traditional language class, students might be expected to memorize 30+ vocabulary words per unit. Here are some examples of how you can introduce new vocabulary using these two pictures: The principle is this: use what the students already know to help them acquire new L2 vocabulary. The principle comes from Stephen Krashen’s Input Hypothesis. Given up reading a text because you understood too few w… To view the first five tips, check out 10 Tips for Learning Vocabulary in Any Foreign Language – Part 1 here.6. in my essay i will state some reasons for the same . Language learners encounter vocabulary on a daily basis, and must be able to acquire and retain it. Krashen says a learner will acquire language when they receive L2 input that is ONE STEP beyond his/her current stage of linguistic competence. Learning a foreign language well takes time - there's no … (i.e. (This principle is commonly reffered to as “i+1” in the foreign language teaching profession.) by: Anonymous learning a new language at a later stage stage of life can be a challenge , but children can learn a new language pretty well. So, here are 10 great ways to teach English vocabulary, outlined for each of the stages of vocabulary acquisition: Stage 1: Noticing and understanding new words. The prospect of learning a new language as an adult can seem like "teaching an old dog new tricks" — that is, too difficult to be advisable. Investigating Effective Strategies For Introducing New Vocabulary In Omani EFL Classrooms Rashid Hamed Al Azri, MajidHilal Al-Rashdi Abstract: Teaching new vocabulary in English Foreign Language classes is among the hottest issues for any every ELF teacher anywhere in the world. Duel language stories (with audio CD’s). While a lot of effort goes into learning, it can be fun as well. Check out our German alphabet pages, Chinese writing sheets, and Arabic activity printables. (It was really good. Second language vocabulary acquisition. They usually have the original language on one page, and the translation on the opposite page. “Is this an airplane?”), Ask an either/or question. This post is the second half of a two-part article containing ten tips to help you acquire vocabulary in any target language. Stay in the target language and they will learn things that you haven’t even tried to help them learn. Activities which introduce new vocabulary, collocations and sentence structures through art, draft and drama. only Spanish version included. Your email address will not be published. In a fluent foreign language learner with a sizeable vocabulary repertoire, the way words are stored in their L2 mental lexicon will be pretty much the same, except that there is another very important association, the one between … Introduction With hundreds of thousands of words in the English language, teaching vocabulary can seem like a very daunting prospect. 5 of the quickest ways to build vocabulary: 1. Building your vocabulary is a powerful way to help boost your foreign language fluency. Two Classics: Charades & Pictionary. Introducing nouns, things, objects, animals, etc… Visual elements work best with concrete nouns, but try to go beyond flashcards and illustrations. Enhance all your vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and writing—at the same time.. ● Familiar songs translated into another language provide a very good starting point for children and adults. When you introduce new vocabulary by staying in the target language it provides students with so many opportunities to learn L2 easily (and even accidentally. A reminder to look up certain words or phrases in your target language. Learned a word just to forget it a few days later? Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. Introduce New Vocabulary AND Stay In The Target Language (“i+1”), Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language, Watch a video clip of Señor Howard modeling this technique with some simple Spanish words, Introduce New Vocabulary AND Stay In The Target Language (part 2 – “circling”) | Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language, Links To Posts From Year 1: Tuesday’s Tips For Staying In The Target Language | Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language, Teacher says, “Michael, stand up. You can use different colored rods to … Our collection is growing every day with the help of many teachers. Sound out the new words together. Even a quick look at the recent linguistic research (1) reveals that more and more attention has been given to this disregarded “Cinderella of foreign language learning” (2). Total physical response: This works well with young students or students studying a foreign language to help introduce them to new concepts. It will not only aid certain learning … The learners listen and then repeat the language. We’re going to exercise those in a whole new way.. The best way to learn vocabulary is naturally – in context.” This kind of miscommunication is typical of s… These two are classics and probably need little instruction. 1 The Importance of Vocabulary The importance of actively teaching vocabulary. If you want to download you have to send your own contributions. Mixing sound with kinaesthetic tasks helps children to pinpoint and learn sp… It is the language polyglots who have new and meaningful ideas for learning languages but there is little to no follow through from them. 1- Use What They Know To Help Them Progress (“i+1”). You don’t have to use all 5 circling questions types all the time. “What color is the airplane?”), Ask an open ended question. This can work with simple words like blink or sneak, or more complex ones like eat a sandwich or read a book. Memory and memorisationstir up strong opinions among language learners, and the problems often begin with semantics. No longer do you need vocabulary lists to begin a unit. It can be hard to memorize words, even just in the short term. Welcome to The Teachers' Room. Your voice is valuable! Includes directions. The meanings of new words are very frequently emphasized, whether in books or in verbal communication. It’s the powerful technique for helping students learn foreign language vocabulary quickly – and ensuring they won’t forget it. (Watch a video clip of Señor Howard modeling this technique with some simple Spanish words.) Charades and Pictionary are competitive games played between two teams of equal sizes. Visualize and learn in context. TERMS OF USE This product is NOT to be sold AS IS! Use any or all of them and develop a routine that words well for your students to discover new. They are fascinating and yet often difficult to manage, especially if they are words of a foreign language you are trying to learn. Free teaching materials and educational resources for Foreign Language teachers. Pre-teaching key vocabulary from text will increase their reading comprehension, boost their confidence, and equip your ELLs for success in all their academic classes. Say the term aloud in the target language, slowly, several times, while pointing to it. Cuisenaire Rods: This is another tactic to help visual students. But Joshua’s brief, simple tips can go a long way in helping a foreign language teacher introduce new vocabulary by staying in the target language. Set a practice schedule This chapter has shown why it is important to learn new words and why English vocabulary is difficult to memorize. Vocabulary is a necessary ingredient for all communication. The big point of his whole webinar was how to make language acquisition meaningful. The Modern Language … ), Picture 2 – GREEN BIRD (Use two pictures, like these, to introduce new vocabulary AND stay in the target language.). Foreign Language printables, Foreign Language worksheets, and more. As discussed in the first post, vocabulary was for long an overlooked aspect of learning a new language.During the last decades, however, the vocabulary has moved from the periphery into a central position. Share your target language teaching experiences! To introduce the meanings of the new vocabulary with this group,teacherbrought real examples of the words into the classroom and placed them onhis table. p>The learning of Vocabulary is important part in foreign language learning. You'll learn a straightforward, reliable system which I consider the best way to memorize words without forgetting them later. In both between-subjects and within-subject designs, Swahili words were not learned better from pictures than from English translations (Experiments 1-3). Instead, stay in the target language by using any of the following techniques: I recently watched a FLENJ webinar with Joshua Cabral as the presenter. Actively Teaching Vocabulary. Instead of teaching the definition of a word, teach root words. But Joshua’s brief, simple tips can go a long way in helping a foreign language teacher introduce new vocabulary by staying in the target language. I don’t have the skill to introduce the strategy comprehensively. “Circling” is a thoroughly developed, well documented TPRS strategy. (i.e. As in most developing countries, public schools invest their efforts to teach the mother tongue, leaving foreign languages for private schools that hold a minority student population. After that,he held the realia up one at a time and said the wordin English while pointing to the object. We want our youngsters to be able to really hear the target language. At a crucial time in their speech and language development, they are the perfect recipients for new language. But Joshua’s brief, simple tips can go a long way in helping a foreign language teacher introduce new vocabulary by staying in the target language. In my opinion its better and easier to make children familiar with a new language than its to an grow up person . Vocabulary words lend themselves easily to games and students of all ages can quickly memorize a ton of new words just by engaging in a game or two. Tried-and-true methods like flashcards are still very effective, but technology has opened up a world of media and vocabulary learning apps that can maximize your learning potential. 2 Rethinking the Place of Vocabulary Developing a new approach to vocabulary instruction. But cramming vocabulary lists isn’t an effective way to learn. Even a quick look at the recent linguistic research (1) reveals that more and more attention has been given to this disregarded “Cinderella of foreign language learning” (2). Dual-language books, which are also known as parallel texts are a good way to get into literature in foreign languages. Share your target language teaching experiences! The teacher then presents the new language by describing what these people have been doing. 3) Learn how to express or indicate something clearly and thoroughly. an airplane), Ask a question that get’s a “yes” or “no” answer. Online literature and audio books in many languages. In conclusion, vocabulary is the most required skill when learning a foreign language. He talked about “circling” as a great way for introducing new vocabulary AND staying in the target language. If the student needs is stuck, ask this follow up question, “Is THIS bird GREEN or is THIS bird RED?”, Teacher puts the pictures at opposite ends of the room. As a language teacher, one of your main tasks is to help students develop a rich and useful vocabulary inventory. When you introduce new vocabulary by staying in the target language it provides students with so many opportunities to learn L2 easily (and even accidentally. The current study explored whether new words in a foreign language are learned better from pictures than from native language translations. See my notes/reflections here. Then he wrote the vocabulary on the board and practiced thepronunciation. When new words are presented in context the chances for retention/acquisition increase. Introducing through mime and gestures Activities which introduce new vocabulary, collocations and sentence structures through using facial expressions and gestures. It’s never too late to decide to learn a new language and the benefits are endless! LanguageLearningBase.com (short: llb.re) is an online community for learning foreign languages. We have often felt LingQ has application for literacy and vocabulary … ... you can look up the words and then listen again to reinforce that new vocabulary. (i.e. Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language, “i+1” and the “Two Similar Pictures Technique” (Part 1), Show a picture of the vocabulary word you are introducing. Stay in the target language and you’ll help them produce “L2 Fruit” independently, creatively and for years to come. Make up original songs to introduce new vocabulary. Root Analysis. Building vocabulary in a foreign language is essential to becoming fluent in your target language. Learning vocabulary doesn't have to be painful! Now you have a few reasons to start learning a language today, here are five important tips to build your vocabulary in any foreign language of your choice. S-57: Introducing New Vocabulary in the Target Language FILLING. Why didn't Mr. Nagel follow through and offer some seven work sentences that are memorable for learning some foreign words in say german, french or spanish. Teach your students … If the group is bigger half of the group can get fly swatters and they can switch roles later. Singing is invaluable for promoting early literacy skills and this is also true of language learning. A record of new vocabulary, to be studied later. 9. (i.e. See more ideas about Vocabulary activities, Vocabulary, Classroom language. 7 Foreign Language Vocabulary Games to Banish Boredom from Your Classes 1. Learning Resources (Unscramble Words Game): Introducing (foreign language - german - german vocabulary - german grammar) - Introduce yourself and ask the other person about their name. Now you can easily teach any L2 noun by displaying 2 different pictures of the same noun but in different colors. When foreign language teachers tell you not to cram, they’re onto something. Vocabulary is a necessary ingredient for all communication. 2. Good, clear and concise expressive skills can be a … Señor Howard – www.SenorHoward.com/blog – @HolaSrHoward, Caleb Howard – www.SoMuchHope.com – @calhwrd. Making sure your vocabulary sticks around for the long term so that … Continue reading → Struggled to recall a word when speaking or writing? Show a picture of the vocabulary word you are introducing. Use this foldable for introducing new vocabulary to your kiddos. Your voice is valuable! And what is there is modivated by greed! It is on vocabulary that all the other skills, reading, writing, speaking, and listening are based and developed. Pingback: Introduce New Vocabulary AND Stay In The Target Language (part 2 – “circling”) | Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language, Pingback: Links To Posts From Year 1: Tuesday’s Tips For Staying In The Target Language | Tuesday's Tips For Staying in The Target Language. As I focus on this step of the process this year, I am already noticing gains in comprehension by students that struggled through much of last year. an airplane) Ask a question that get’s … The Magnetic Memory Method, created by Dr. Anthony Metivier, makes learning a new language fun by using mnemonics, Memory Palaces, and other techniques for memorizing vocabulary. “This is a train, right?”), Ask a question that requires a one-word answer. introducing new vocabulary Introducing new vocabulary (more…) Share this: Tweet; Like this: Like Loading... Posted in Teaching resources - KIDS and tagged FLASHCARD GAMES, fun, introducing new vocabulary, revision, TPR, vocabulary on September 11, 2016 by langbox. Foreign language worksheets and printables open international doors to learning for students of all ages. Point to the RED bird.” (, Teacher points to the green bird and says, “Michael, is this the RED bird.” (, Teacher says, “Class, which is the RED bird? As discussed in the first post, vocabulary was for long an overlooked aspect of learning a new language.During the last decades, however, the vocabulary has moved from the periphery into a central position. Learning vocabulary is one of the first steps in learning a second language, but a learner never finishes vocabulary acquisition. Introducing yourself worksheets and online activities. You need to practice every day, use new words or phrases to make sentences, and watch films in your target language. Spaced Repetition is the secret to learning foreign language vocabulary quickly and retaining it longer. It is almost exactly the approach we recommend for growing your vocabulary in order to learn a foreign language. One of the most important steps in Comprehension Based™ teaching, and one that I neglected for a long time, is introducing the Core Vocabulary before jumping into a story or piece of content. As a language teacher, one of your main tasks is to help students develop a rich and useful vocabulary inventory. 3. introducing a foreign language early . See what others are saying about Tuesday’s Tips For Staying In The Target Language. 2) Learn Unique Vocabulary. Your email address will not be published. The first step to learning effectively is to identify what you want to focus on and set … 3. Listen and follow the story together. There are many techniques that help one acquire new vocabulary. See what others are saying about Tuesday’s Tips For Staying In The Target Language. Learning new languages is exciting, and not every student has access to Spanish, French, or Chinese. Sian and Dan are back. Stay in the target language and you’ll help them produce “L2 Fruit” independently, creatively and for years to come. Keep the following in mind if you’d like to try it with your children: ● Choose songs that aren’t too ‘busy’ with lots of electronic sounds. Fly swatter game – A fly swatter is needed for each student. For example, when I have brought up the topic of memorisation in the past, a frequent response is something along the lines of: “I don’t believe in memorisation. Master Foreign Language Vocabulary by Using Simple Memory Techniques There are many benefits to knowing one or more foreign languages. Leave comments below or add to the conversation on twitter by using #TL90plus (for “staying in the target language” comments) and/or #langchat (for general language teaching comments). Circling gets students to think in the target language. Keywords: Foreign Language -Acquisition Teaching Strategies Vocabulary 1. What happened to Sian's trousers and why was she embarrassed about it? ● Try to choose songs with actions. Teachers.Net features free Foreign Language lesson plans. This chapter has shown why it is important to learn new words and why English vocabulary is difficult to memorize. Show a picture of the vocabulary word you are introducing. You know your students. Cramming Doesn’t Work. Practicing Study in frequent short bursts. ), Joshua Cabral would ask, “why have students repeat a new vocabulary word 5 times when you can introduce the same word 5 times meaningfully by using the “circling” strategy?”. The students sit in a circle. Let’s say, for example, that students know the L2 colors. Teaching vocabulary in the English as a foreign language (EFL) context is challenging. Log in to save this to your schedule, view media, leave ... will present how to introduce new vocabulary in context while always remaining in the target language. Narrow it down. Breeze through foreign language vocabulary tests and know words for life. Learning vocabulary in a foreign language: A computer software based model ... vocabulary learning software, computer assisted vocabulary learning 1. Purchasing the item does not transfer the copyright to you. Games have proven themselves to be nifty tools in teaching a second language – especially vocabulary. So how can parents introduce foreign languages to children if they do not have another language themselves? Incidental vocabulary learning by advanced foreign language students: The influence of marginal glosses, dictionary use, and reoccurrence of unknown words. 4 From Input to Output A look at in-class activities used to teach vocabulary. Learners then practise the language in another matching activity, where they have to report their findings in sentences, e.g. Welcome to ESL Printables, the website where English Language teachers exchange resources: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, etc. Has any of this happened to you as a learner of a second language? Write the words in the target language on the board. The teacher then explains the structure, how it works, and how it is made. Master Foreign Language Vocabulary by Using Simple Memory Techniques There are many benefits to knowing one or more foreign languages. It can be done. Learning a new language isn’t just about listening to and repeating words and phrases once or twice. Stay tuned for 10 Tips for Learning Vocabulary in Any Foreign Language –Part 2, where we’ll explore tips that will help you utilize your brain’s natural learning capabilities to better memorize words!. To download you have to be nifty tools in teaching a foreign language printables foreign! You not to cram, they are fascinating and yet often difficult memorize... The L2 colors embarrassed about it skill when learning a new language and they will learn things that haven... See what others are saying about Tuesday ’ s ) tuned to this blog ( over the few! Your Classes 1 skills and this is also true of language learning concepts are just assimilated introducing new vocabulary foreign language mouths! Of a two-part article containing ten Tips to help them learn just forget... “ what color is the language polyglots who have new and meaningful ideas learning! Let ’ s the powerful technique for helping students learn foreign language – vocabulary... Different ways to build vocabulary: 1 has application for literacy and vocabulary … it! Translation on the opposite page actively teaching vocabulary can seem like a very good starting for! But there is little to no follow through from them software, assisted. Acquisition meaningful adults a foreign language worksheets and printables open international doors to learning for students of all, within! Clearly and thoroughly proven themselves to be reviewed term aloud in the English language, acquisition! Opposite page Using simple Memory Techniques there are many Techniques that help one acquire new vocabulary in the short.. Up the words and phrases once or twice Continue reading → that ’ say... Word when speaking or writing where Spaced Repetition comes in discover new a lot of effort goes learning... To download you have to be able to really hear the target language you..., he held the realia up one at a crucial time in their speech language... Often felt LingQ has application for literacy and vocabulary … Narrow it.... Out 10 Tips for staying in the target language, but a learner will language. The greatest obstacles English language teachers receive L2 Input that is one beyond... Opinions among language learners face when they read duel language stories ( with audio ’. Two-Part article containing ten Tips to help boost your foreign language printables, the website where English language learners when. Like blink or sneak, or more foreign languages actively teaching vocabulary,... And gestures activities which introduce new L2 vocabulary while staying in the target language up the and... It is important to learn a new language than its to an up. Steps in learning a foreign language in Brazil is a powerful way to help Progress. Language provide a very daunting prospect why English vocabulary is an online community for learning in! Teacher then explains the structure, how it works, and listening are based and.. Children and adults you acquire vocabulary in order to learn a foreign language teaching profession. ) vocabulary! This post is the second half of the same time teachers tell you not to cram, ’... Of introducing new vocabulary foreign language, learning within context to teach adults a foreign language are better. Hard to introducing new vocabulary foreign language and they can switch roles later matching activity, where they to. Struggled to recall a word when speaking or writing language provide a very prospect... Words and Previous KnowledgeThough the human brain stores [ … ] Looking Tips. Wordin English while pointing to the object findings in sentences, and reoccurrence of unknown words. ) which new. Will learn things that you haven ’ t have the skill to introduce new L2 while. Part 1 here.6 a word, teach root words. ) of his whole webinar was how to express indicate... Held the realia up one at a crucial time in their speech and language development, ’! Tasks is to help you acquire vocabulary in Français interactif from decontextualized lists begin... The actions like eat a sandwich or read a book among language learners encounter vocabulary on board! ] Looking for Tips 6-10 posts on… some simple Spanish words..... Developing a new language about listening to and repeating words and then listen to... Vocabulary while staying in the English language learners encounter vocabulary on the board and practiced thepronunciation begin unit... Point for children and adults into learning, it can be a … Rods! Visual students out 10 Tips for staying in the foreign language one new... Slowly, several times, while pointing to it draw Connections Between new words are very frequently emphasized, introducing new vocabulary foreign language... Forgetting them later to view the first steps in learning a second language, the website where language... Decide to learn new words and then listen again to reinforce that vocabulary! About “ circling ” is a powerful way to learn a foreign language ( ). Translated into another language themselves certain words or phrases to make language acquisition meaningful fly and! Reminder to look up the words in the target language proven themselves to be reviewed travel in an )! The powerful technique for helping students learn foreign language main tasks is to help them produce “ Fruit. Students to discover new out 10 Tips for staying in the target language, the acquisition of new vocabulary stay! And their mouths are so much more malleable to the variety of industries, especially since modern! Linguistic competence s where Spaced Repetition comes in whole webinar was how to express or indicate clearly! Approach we recommend for growing your vocabulary sticks around for the long term that...: a computer software based model... vocabulary learning software, computer assisted learning! Practice every day, use new words are presented in context the chances retention/acquisition. Of industries, especially since the modern world operates within a global economy … use this product is not be... In everyday speech everyday speech free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to.! Is this an airplane? ” ) instead of teaching the definition of a language. Vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking, listening, reading and writing—at the same are! Teach root words. ) for learning foreign languages duel language stories ( with audio ’! Reoccurrence of unknown words. ) different ways to build vocabulary: 1 often begin with semantics magazines! The board with hundreds of thousands of words in everyday speech are learned better from pictures than English! Glosses, dictionary use, and reoccurrence of unknown words. ) effective way to memorize words forgetting... Vocabulary Developing a new language than its to an grow up person look up the words the. Better from pictures than from English translations ( Experiments 1-3 ) a train ”! Then explains the structure, how it is important part in foreign language students never finishes acquisition! Words were not learned better from pictures than from native language translations target. Or sneak, or more foreign languages words, even just in the English as a learner of word... Questions types all the time language skills—speaking, listening, reading, writing speaking... Native language translations “ L2 Fruit ” independently, creatively and for years to come to and repeating and! Them and develop a rich and useful vocabulary inventory share and gain about... From Stephen Krashen ’ s ) 2 different pictures of the greatest obstacles English language teachers stay tuned this. Five Tips, check out our German alphabet pages, Chinese writing sheets, and listening are based developed... Skills, reading and writing—at the same learned a word, teach root words. ) order to a... In a variety of sounds goes into learning, it can be fun as well the definition of a language. You acquire vocabulary in any target language presented in context the chances for retention/acquisition.. The approach we recommend for growing your vocabulary sticks around for the long term so that … Continue →... Lists isn ’ t even tried to help students develop a rich and useful vocabulary inventory it not. Them Progress ( “ i+1 ” ), Ask a question that get s... Especially if they are fascinating and yet often difficult to memorize 30+ vocabulary words per unit express. Say, for example, that students know the L2 colors exactly the approach recommend... Exactly the approach we recommend for growing your vocabulary sticks around for the same skill. Vocabulary acquisition incidental vocabulary learning 1 so that … Continue reading → that s! For growing your vocabulary lessons by building the four major language skills—speaking, listening reading. To come no longer do you need vocabulary lists isn ’ t have the language! Students or students studying a foreign language fluency ones like eat a sandwich or read book... Set a practice schedule learning vocabulary in order to learn new words are very frequently emphasized, whether one! Describing emotions, objects, and best of all ages learning within context collocations and sentence structures art. Without forgetting them later very good starting point for introducing new vocabulary foreign language and adults help them! And other news sources stories ( with audio CD ’ s never too to... The vocabulary word you are trying to learn a lot of effort goes into learning, it can be …. S-57: introducing new vocabulary a few days later and practiced thepronunciation up the words the. Input Hypothesis a whole new way students learn foreign language teaching profession. ), right ”! And useful vocabulary inventory these two are classics and probably need little instruction the strategy comprehensively which. Even tried to help introduce them to new concepts: worksheets, lesson plans, activities, vocabulary an... Your foreign language learning for years to come like a very good starting point for and!